B.A. in Geography: Focus on Techniques of Geographic Analysis

River photoA pragmatic, career-oriented option focuses on a set of specialized geographic techniques and analysis including map reading, quantitative methods, cartography, remote sensing, field methods & Geographic Information Systems.



A minimum of 12 units from the following:

  • GEOG 601: Field Methods in Human Geography
  • GEOG 602: Field Methods in Physical Geography
  • GEOG 603: Introduction to Geographic Information Analysis
  • GEOG 606: Cartography
  • GEOG 610: Remote Sensing of the Environment I
  • GEOG 611: Remote Sensing of the Environment II
  • GEOG 620: Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
  • GEOG 621: GIS for Environmental Analysis
  • GEOG 625: Programming for GIScience
  • GEOG 629: Coastal & Marine Applications of GIS


The techniques curriculum provides knowledge of tools for application to questions encountered in other parts of the discipline; it is useless to learn a technique without understanding how or why to apply it. A particularly valuable and interesting approach is to apply a technique to a class project in human, physical, or regional geography. Thus, students who pursue the techniques focus should also have a systematic focus.


Geog 688, a Geographic Internship, is recommended. Internships with various agencies and environmental groups can familiarize you with entry-level positions. Past internships have included the following: U.S. Forest Service, U.S. Geological Survey, California Coastal Commission, many county planning agencies, and private consulting firms.


Courses in other departments on individual advisement

Courses in graphic and industrial arts are recommended on advisement. Computer-related specialists (in GIS and remote sensing) will find programming and database management courses offered through Computer Science valuable.



Excellent opportunities are to be found for students who wish to work as Cartographers, Computer Cartographers, GIS Specialists, GIS Database Technicians, and Image Analysts, in government and private agencies at the local, state and national level.